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Planting Instructions for Dryopteris (autumn fern, male fern, wood fern):

Light:  Part shade to full shade Moisture:  Average
Soil:  Humus-rich, moist but well-draining pH:  Slightly acidic to neutral (5.5 - 7.0) but very adaptable
Planting Depth:  1/2" below soil, mulch lightly Spacing:  15 to 18" or more, depending on variety

Upon arrival:  Unpack box and check that you have everything on your packing list. Dryopteris should be just slightly moist but not wet when dormant. Plant everything within a day or two.

Soil/Location:  Plant Dryopteris in part shade to full shade in loose and airy, humus-rich, moist but well-draining soil. They are typically easy to grow and very adaptable.

Moisture:  Dryopteris likes regular moisture but rarely likes to be wet and they are fairly drought tolerant once established. Water as needed, allowing the soil to dry slightly between watering.

Spacing:  15 to 18" or more, depending on variety

Depth:  Plant your ferns with the top of the crown about 1/2" below soil level and then topdress with a light covering of compost or mulch.

General Instructions:  Enrich your garden with generous amounts of compost or peat humus. Plant the roots at the depth listed, then water in once lightly. Your ferns will start sprouting as soon as the soil warms and generally won't need extra water while dormant. Once they have sprouted they enjoy being watered a couple times a week, allowing the soil to dry slightly between watering. Most ferns are fertilizer (salt) and chemical sensitive, so avoid chemical fertilizers and insecticides and instead improve the soil with organic matter.

Landscape Uses:  Plant Dryopteris singly or in groups with hostas, heucheras, bleeding hearts, Tiarella, Epimedium, Pulmonaria, Ligularia, Astilbe, and other shade plants. Because of the many forms and sizes different varieties could work as an accent, specimen, or even as a background plant.

Hallson Gardens
PO Box 220
Brooklyn, MI 49230

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