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Planting Instructions for Echinacea (coneflower):

Bloom Time:  Summer Light:  Full sun to part sun
Soil:  Loamy to average, dry and well-draining Moisture:  Little extra moisture required, keep dry when dormant
Planting Depth:  1/2 to 1" deep, mulch very lightly Spacing:  18" to 24"

Upon arrival:  Unpack box and check that you have everything on your packing list. Bare root Echinacea should be dry in the bags, so if condensation has formed on the inside of the bag, open and let it air out. Plant everything within a day or two.

Soil/Location:  Plant your Echinacea in a sunny spot in loamy to average, dry and well-drained soil. Add compost or peat humus to enrich and loosen the soil if needed, but they are very adaptable to almost any soil conditions provided it dries out thoroughly between watering. Remember to keep the soil light and airy for perennials, so cover them with loose soil and don't pack it in after planting.

Moisture:  Echinacea do not require much moisture, even after they are actively growing, and they are never very tolerant of wet conditions. Early season plantings (April and May) and plants that have no foliage should be started on the dry side. During that time we like to water lightly once and then we don't water again until the foliage has started to emerge, and even then there is usually enough natural moisture to keep them going without ever needing supplemental water. Too much moisture early will rot bare root, dormant plants, especially Echinacea. During the growing season you can water if they wilt and then make sure the soil dries completely between watering. Black foliage and brown tips are often signs of overwater.

Spacing:  Plant thin leaf varieties 15 to 18" apart but most can be spaced about 18 to 24".

Depth:  Plant with the top of the crown, base of the foliage about 1/2 to one inch below soil level. The crown should not really be showing after planting but should not be too deep either. You can lightly mulch bare areas after planting for weed prevention.

General Instructions:  Amend your garden with compost or peat humus to enrich or loosen the soil, if needed, however Echinacea are very adaptable to any loose, well-draining soil and will thrive in a good sandy loam. Mix a couple teaspoons of garden food or bone meal into the planting hole if desired. Plant the roots as listed above, then water in once lightly. They prefer a dry start when they are dormant in spring and have no foliage. Once they are actively growing it is alright to give them supplemental water once a week or so, if needed, as long as the soil isn't wet.

Landscape Uses:  Echinacea are great plants for the wildflower garden, cottage garden, or mixed borders. They combine well with tall garden phlox, daylilies, Rudbeckia, Liatris, daisies, lilies, Salvia, Veronica, and ornamental grasses.

Most varieties will self seed when happy, so they do have a tendency to spread around. Deadheading can keep them in check and will help them bloom more, however leaving the seed heads standing can provide food for birds if you don't mind seedlings coming up too.

Hallson Gardens
PO Box 220
Brooklyn, MI 49230

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