Planting Instructions for Lilium (lily bulbs):
|Bloom Time: Summer
||Light: Full sun to part sun
|Soil: Loamy, well-draining
||Moisture: Little extra moisture required
|Planting Depth: 6 to 8" deep, mulch lightly
||Spacing: 6" to 8"
Upon arrival: Unpack box and check that you have everything on your packing list. Plants packaged in bags should be free from excessive moisture, so if a lot of condensation has formed on the inside of the bag, open and let it air out. Plant everything as soon as possible.
Soil/Location: Plant your lily bulbs in a sunny spot in average to rich, loamy, well-drained soil. The soil should not hold too much moisture after it rains or after watering, especially at the bulb depth. Add compost or peat humus to enrich the soil and help with drainage. As with most perennials, remember to keep the soil light and airy, so cover them with loose soil and don't pack it in after planting.
Moisture: Lily bulbs don't require much moisture, even after they are actively growing, and they are especially not tolerant of wet conditions. Water in once after planting the bulbs and then you usually don't need to give them any supplemental moisture until after they have sprouted. Then water deeply and let the soil dry out between waterings.
Spacing: Plant your bulbs about 6 to 8" apart when planting in groups. They can also be tucked at the base of other perennials or be underplanted with other plants.
Depth: Plant with the scales pointing up, roots down, about 6 to 8" below the soil. The soil below the bulbs should also be well-draining, especially in the winter, so sometimes you will need to dig deeper and then backfill lightly to make sure the bulbs aren't sitting on bad soil at the bottom of the hole.
General Instructions: Enrich soil with compost or peat humus if needed. Mix a couple teaspoons of garden food or bone meal into the planting hole and mix lightly into the soil. Plant the bulbs as listed above, backfill, then water in once. Lilies prefer a slightly dry start if they are still dormant in spring. Once they are actively growing it is alright to give them supplemental water once or twice a week, as needed, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings so they are not wet.
Division/Propagation: If you want to divide or propagate your lilies the bulbs can be dug, divided, and replanted in late summer or early fall, just as the stems are starting to go dormant. They could also be dug in the spring, but at this time it may be hard to find the bulbs so be careful not to damage the bulbs when you dig.
Plants can also be propagated by other methods, including: burying stems to produce bulbils along the axils; pealing off and replanting the individual scales that make up a bulb; or starting lilies from seed.
Landscape Uses: Lilies are great summer blooming plants grown for their beauty, wide range of colors, and some for their fragrance. For a continuous assortment of summer color and wonderful cut flowers, mix the various species and hybrids so you could have lilies from early June through August and even into September. Also, by under planting shorter, mounding perennials with tall lilies you can produce a prolonged season of color in mixed beds and borders, or create a floral arrangement right in your garden. For example, a peony bed can be mixed with tall Oriental lilies providing early summer peony blooms and late summer fragrant lily blooms, or you can plant lilies at the base of baby's breath (Gypsophila) for a great flower arrangement in the summer.